Difference between revisions of "2009-10 AM Fictions of India - Expert Group on Narration"

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'''Mulk Raj Anand "Untouchable": Narration'''
 
'''Mulk Raj Anand "Untouchable": Narration'''
  
1.1 Modernism  
+
'''1.1 Modernism'''
 +
 
 
Any of various movements in art, architecture, literature, etc., generally characterized by a deliberate break with classical and traditional forms or methods of expression; the work or ideas of the adherents of such a movement.  
 
Any of various movements in art, architecture, literature, etc., generally characterized by a deliberate break with classical and traditional forms or methods of expression; the work or ideas of the adherents of such a movement.  
  
1.2 Stream of consciousness
+
'''1.2 Stream of consciousness'''
 +
 
 
1. Psychol. An individual's thoughts and conscious reaction to external events experienced subjectively as a continuous flow. Also loosely, an uncontrolled train of thought or association.  
 
1. Psychol. An individual's thoughts and conscious reaction to external events experienced subjectively as a continuous flow. Also loosely, an uncontrolled train of thought or association.  
 
2. Literary Criticism. A method of narration which depicts events through this flow in the mind of a character; an instance of this.  
 
2. Literary Criticism. A method of narration which depicts events through this flow in the mind of a character; an instance of this.  
 
→ cf. p. 51/52
 
→ cf. p. 51/52
  
1.3 Epiphany
+
'''1.3 Epiphany'''
 +
 
 
1. A manifestation or appearance of some divine or superhuman being.  
 
1. A manifestation or appearance of some divine or superhuman being.  
 
2. a) A sudden manifestation of the essence or meaning of something.
 
2. a) A sudden manifestation of the essence or meaning of something.
 
   b) A comprehension or perception of reality by means of a sudden intuitive realization → cf. p. 52
 
   b) A comprehension or perception of reality by means of a sudden intuitive realization → cf. p. 52
  
1.4 Shifts in perspective & narrator's visibility  
+
'''1.4 Shifts in perspective & narrator's visibility'''
 +
 
 
Dominant focalization on Bakha, but: several shifts of perspective (→ cf. p. 22-26) which show us thoughts and feelings of characters other than Bakha which include even minor characters such as Havildar’s cook or the little babu brother in these shifts of perspective.
 
Dominant focalization on Bakha, but: several shifts of perspective (→ cf. p. 22-26) which show us thoughts and feelings of characters other than Bakha which include even minor characters such as Havildar’s cook or the little babu brother in these shifts of perspective.
 
→ cf. p. 29
 
→ cf. p. 29
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showing = reader experiences fiction on his/ her own → “critical distance”
 
showing = reader experiences fiction on his/ her own → “critical distance”
  
1.5 Personal & impersonal narration
+
'''1.5 Personal & impersonal narration'''
 +
 
 
neutral - restricted (impersonal): The narrator takes no figure‘s perspective.
 
neutral - restricted (impersonal): The narrator takes no figure‘s perspective.
 
personal - limited: The narrator takes the perspective of one or several figures.
 
personal - limited: The narrator takes the perspective of one or several figures.
 
→ cf. p. 29; 102/103
 
→ cf. p. 29; 102/103

Revision as of 00:03, 1 February 2010

Mulk Raj Anand "Untouchable": Narration

1.1 Modernism

Any of various movements in art, architecture, literature, etc., generally characterized by a deliberate break with classical and traditional forms or methods of expression; the work or ideas of the adherents of such a movement.

1.2 Stream of consciousness

1. Psychol. An individual's thoughts and conscious reaction to external events experienced subjectively as a continuous flow. Also loosely, an uncontrolled train of thought or association. 2. Literary Criticism. A method of narration which depicts events through this flow in the mind of a character; an instance of this. → cf. p. 51/52

1.3 Epiphany

1. A manifestation or appearance of some divine or superhuman being. 2. a) A sudden manifestation of the essence or meaning of something.

  b) A comprehension or perception of reality by means of a sudden intuitive realization → cf. p. 52

1.4 Shifts in perspective & narrator's visibility

Dominant focalization on Bakha, but: several shifts of perspective (→ cf. p. 22-26) which show us thoughts and feelings of characters other than Bakha which include even minor characters such as Havildar’s cook or the little babu brother in these shifts of perspective. → cf. p. 29

Describing the setting, commenting (→ cf. p.58), reporting what characters do not know, do not say (→ cf. p. 102/103)

telling = guide reader's response to fiction showing = reader experiences fiction on his/ her own → “critical distance”

1.5 Personal & impersonal narration

neutral - restricted (impersonal): The narrator takes no figure‘s perspective. personal - limited: The narrator takes the perspective of one or several figures. → cf. p. 29; 102/103