Linguistics:Style sheet Hamann
- 1 Formatting General Rules
- 2 Formatting: Special rules for assignments and term papers
- 3 Quotations, Footnotes, Object Language
- 4 References
- 5 Useful LaTex packages
Formatting General Rules
DIN A4, print on one side of the paper only, choose a standard typeface (Times New Roman or similar), type size 12pt, 1,5 line spacing, right margin: 3 cm, left margin: 4cm, hyphenless justification, mark each paragraph by indentation of the first line.
Starts with the title page but is not made visible as a page number until the first page of the text.
Statement on Plagiarism
All your written academic work (Term Papers, BA-Abschlussarbeiten etc.) needs to be accompanied by a Statement on 'Plagiarism'. Please print it out or copy it, read it carefully, sign it and include it with the written work you submit for credit-points.
Formatting: Special rules for assignments and term papers
Hand in your paper stapled together at the top left hand side and punched. Do not use a folder or other wrapping materials.
Structure title page as follows
Carl von Ossietzky Universität
Seminar für Anglistik und Amerikanistik
(summer or winter semester, year)
(course type, course title)
(Name of teacher)
(title of term paper)
(address, telephone number, e-mail)
(subjects, major and minor)
Number sections, use different type face for different levels.
Quotations, Footnotes, Object Language
Place Short quotations (up to three lines) in the text “between double quotes” (double quotes within the quotations become single ‘inverted commas’) Place Longer quotations without quotation marks in one block, indented by one tabstop to the right, single-spaced, type size 11pt. Mark [additions] and [...] ellipses in squared brackets. Do not change wording nor spelling of the quotation. Emphasize already existing mistakes using the term sic! in squared brackets [sic!]. Indicate the source of your quotation with the Author’s surname followed by the year of publication and the page number after a colon, all in one bracket: (Chomsky 1981: 245)
If you do not quote an author but refer to a particular statement, suggestion, proposal or result, indicate this work by the author’s last name and the year of publication: (Haegeman 1994).
If you refer to more than one work by the same author, identify by year of publication and separate these works with commas and list them chronologically: (Guasti 2000, 2002). If there are two or more publications by the same author in the same year, use a,b... to identify: (Hamann 1996a, 1996b, 1996c).
If you make a statement or suggestion that is similar to one given by one of your sources, indicate this with the abbreviation “cf.” which means “confer”: (cf. Rizzi 1990).
Footnotes are for content only in linguistics. Use footnotes if you would like to add something to the content of your paper that you think is best put into footnotes. Do not put bibliographic information or references into footnotes. In footnotes, use the same conventions for quotation and references as in the body.
In Linguistics, you use language to write about language. That means, you have to mark the language that you write about: the object language. Use Italics to indicate object language: “In English, the is the definite article” or “The English regular plural is marked by the morpheme –s”.
Number your language examples and separate them from the text by a blank line, indented by one tab stop. In an example, the object language is not in italics. Use the number to refer to your examples and use an asterisk (*) to mark ungrammatical sentences.
When giving examples from corpora of child language (for instance from the CHILDES database), indicate the name of the child and the age at which the utterance was recorded (Years Semi-Colon Months) (Name x;xx)
See an example paragraph.
At the end of your paper, give a list of all monographs, articles, and papers you quoted. The list has to be in alphabetical order by the surname of the (first) author.
Last Name, Comma, First Name, Year of Publication in Brackets,Title in italics, Full Stop, Place of Publication: Publisher, Full Stop
Guasti, Maria Teresa (2002), Language Acquisition: The Growth of Grammar. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
O'Grady, William (2005), How Children Learn Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Articles in Collections or Periodicals
Last Name, Comma, First Name, Year of Publication in Brackets, Title in inverted commas, in:, Last Name of Editor, Comma, First Name, optional First Name(s) and Last Name(s) of Co-Editors, ed./eds. in Brackets, Title of Collection or Periodical in Italics, Number of Issue for Periodicals, Comma, Place of Publication: Publisher, Pages, Full Stop.
Guasti, Maria Teresa (2000), "An Excursion into Interrogatives in Early English and Italian" in: Friedemann, Marc Ariel and Luigi Rizzi (eds.), The Acquisition of Syntax, Harlow: Longman, 105-128.
Newport, Elissa L. (1990), "Maturational Constraints on Language Learning", Cognitive Science 14, 11-28. Crain, Stephen and Paul Pietroski (2001), "Nature, Nurture and Universal Grammar", Linguistics and Philosophy 24, 139-186.
Useful LaTex packages
- http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/contrib/linguex/ Linguex]: For numbered examples, bracketing and glosses
- Xytree: For drawing syntax trees
- Tipa: For IPA (Phonetic) fonts